Why Have My Pet's Teeth Professionally Cleaned?

Did you know about 85% of dogs and cats have some form of periodontal disease? Proper dental care is critical to a pet's overall health, just like people. If oral infection such as periodontal disease is left untreated, bacteria can travel through the bloodstream and damage internal organs, namely the heart, liver, and kidneys. Animals suffer the same kinds of dental problems as humans, including infection, severe pain, and fractured teeth.

Just as your dentist recommends you brush your teeth daily and have your teeth professionally cleaned every 6 months, we recommend your pet’s teeth be brushed daily and professionally cleaned every 8-12 months.

Signs of oral and dental diseases in dogs and cats:

  • Bad breath.
  • Loose teeth or teeth that are discolored or covered in tartar.
  • Your pet shies away from you when you touch the mouth area.
  • Drooling or dropping food from the mouth.
  • Bleeding from the mouth.
  • Loss of appetite or loss of weight--this combination can result from diseases of many organs and promtpt veterinary examination is important.
Dental Preventative Care

Dental care for animals is similar to dental care for humans, but animals can't brush their own teeth. To prevent dental problems select one or more of these options:

  • Brush your pet's teeth with specially formulated pet toothpaste, such as C.E.T. Enzymatic Toothpaste. DO NOT use toothpaste formulated for humans as it may be dangerous to your pet. Click to download our step by step guide: "How To Brush Your Pet's Teeth"
  • Rinse your pet’s mouth with oral hygiene rinse, such as Dentahex Oral Rinxe for Dogs and Cats, to help maintain oral health and reduce plaque.
  • Give a C.E.T. or other enzyme chew to dogs daily to help breakdown plaque and tartar on a molecular level.
  • Schedule regular professional teeth cleanings with Prestonwood Pet Clinic.
Periodontal Disease, explained:

The following is an excerpt from the American Veterinary Dental College (AVDC):

Periodontal disease includes gingivitis (inflammation [reddening] of the gums) and periodontitis (loss of bone and soft tissue around the teeth). There is a wide range in the appearance and severity of periodontal disease, which often cannot be properly evaluated or treated without general anesthesia for veterinary patients. Effects within the oral cavity include damage to or loss of gum tissue and bone around the teeth, development of a hole (‘fistula’) from the oral cavity into the nasal passages causing nasal discharge, fractures of the jaw following weakening of the jaw bone, and bone infection (‘osteomyelititis’). Bacteria from the mouth can enter the bloodstream and are carried around the body.

Studies in dogs have shown that periodontal disease is associated with microscopic changes in the heart, liver, and kidneys. Studies in humans have linked periodontal disease to a variety of health problems including poor control of diabetes mellitus and increased severity of diabetic complications. Additionally, it has been shown that diabetes is a risk factor for periodontal disease.

Source: http://www.avdc.org/periodontaldisease.html

Examples of Dental Disease:

Note: dental disease staging requires dental radiographs for true classification since the bony structures cannot be evaluated by the naked eye.

 

Stage 1: Periodontal Disease - "Gingivitis"


 

  • Mild tartar/plaque build-up
  • Gingival inflammation and redness
  • Gingival bleeding upon probing
  • No bone involvement
  • Will likely need professional dental cleaning in 6-12 months

Stage 2: Periodontal Disease - "Early Periodontitis"


 

  • Moderate tartar/plaque build-up +/- calculus formation (calcified tartar/plaque)
  • Severe gingivitis, or swelling of the gingiva along the margin
  • Beginning of pocket formation (pockets will actually form between the gingiva and surface of the tooth)
  • Less than 25% of underlying bone support is lost
  • Will likely need professional dental cleaning in 0-6months

Stage 3: Periodontal Disease - "Moderate Periodontitis"


 

  • Moderate to severe gingivitis
  • Moderate to deep pocket depth
  • Teeth may become loose/begin to wiggle
  • 25-50% of underlying bone support is lost
  • Will likely need professional denital cleaning in 0-1 month
  • All loose teeth and teeth with 50% bone loss wil require extractions

Stage 4: Periodontal Disease - "Advanced Periodontitis"


 

  • Severe gingivitis/inflammation
  • Gingival recession, possible tooth-root exposure
  • Deep pocket depth
  • Several teeth may be loose
  • 50% or more of underlying bone support is lost
  • Needs professional dental cleaning immediately
  • All loose teeth and teeth with 50% bone loss will require extractions

Look At The Difference!


 

Before Cleaning

After Cleaning

A professional dental cleaning by Prestonwood Pet Clinic removes plaque and tartar on the teeth and below the gum line, preparing the teeth for home dental care.